Periodontal Disease Treatment Edison, Metuchen, & South Plainfield, NJ
What are periodontal diseases?
In general, periodontal diseases or gum diseases are a result of prolific bacterial growth in the mouth and is one of the leading causes of tooth loss because of the consequent destruction of the tissues that support and hold the teeth. In Edison, Metuchen, & South Plainfield, NJ a significant number of patients acquired some disease at some point in their lives, and one of the earliest symptoms of periodontal distress is gingivitis or gum information, which normally precedes gum disease and gradually progresses to information. As the bacteria in plaque builds up, the gums become infected and inflamed and this may lead to bleeding when the patient brushes his teeth. At this stage, the teeth will still be firmly planted in the gum tissue, although, if left untreated, the inner layers of the gums and parts of the underlying bone may begin to pull away from the teeth and form pockets that become the breeding place of the infection. As periodontal disease progresses, more gum tissue is destroyed and it will no longer be able to hold the teeth in place, resulting in tooth loss.
What causes periodontal diseases and what are the symptoms?
SThe primary cause of periodontal disease is the buildup of plaque, however, other factors such as hormonal changes in pregnancy, puberty, or menopause; underlying health conditions like diabetes, cancer, HIV, or other immune deficiencies; oral medications including anticonvulsants and anti-angina drugs; bad lifestyle habits like smoking; poor oral hygiene; or a documented family history of dental disease could all contribute to the development of the disease.
Symptoms of periodontal disease include bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, a bad taste in the mouth, swollen or tender gums, receding gum line, or teeth that begin to come loose or start to shift.
How can periodontal diseases be prevented?
Periodontal diseases can be successfully prevented if the patient practices proper plaque control. This method involves going into the dentist’s office for a professional cleaning appointment at least twice a year, supplemented by regular brushing to remove plaque from the accessible surfaces of the teeth, and flossing to eliminate food that has become stuck in between the teeth or under the gum line.
How are periodontal diseases treated?
Treatment options for the management of gum disease depend on what stage the disease is in, the patient’s overall oral health, and response to previous treatment. Nonsurgical treatment options include professional dental cleaning or scaling and root planing, which is a deep cleaning procedure. Both methods remove plaque and tartar buildup from above and below the gum line. Surgical treatments for periodontal diseases include flap surgery, bone graft grafting, soft tissue grafting, guided tissue regeneration, and bone surgery. Surgical options are usually used when the gum tissue surrounding the teeth become unhealthy and the disease cannot be corrected using the nonsurgical options.