Root Canal Edison, NJ
Root Canal Treatment
Anatomically speaking, a root canal is a chamber inside the root of the tooth that is made up of the pulp chamber, the main canals, and smaller canals that branch out to connect the main root canals to one another, or to the surface of the root. These chambers are hollow spaces that run through the center of the roots and contain soft tissues including the blood vessels, nerves, and other connective tissues. These structures are known collectively as the pulp of the tooth and are important for the nourishment and sensory responses of the tooth. Gentle Dental Care provides full root canal treatment at our office in Edison, New Jersey.
What diseases can affect the root canal?
When the tooth becomes cracked, chipped, or has an extensive cavity causing part of the pulp is exposed, the patient will start to feel discomfort. As this condition is left untreated and the pulp remains exposed, the infection process will progress and the pulp will become inflamed and damaged, this results in varying levels of pain when the patient talks, bites down, eats, or closes his mouth. At this point, root canal treatment could be recommended by the dentist to relieve the pain being experienced by the patient, and also to avoid extracting the tooth and compromising the overall structure and functionality of the patient’s mouth.
What is root canal therapy?
When the pulp in the root canal becomes diseased and it’s already starting to cause the patient pain, root canal therapy, or endodontic therapy, may become necessary to get rid of the infection and protect the tooth from further contamination. This procedure is composed of a series of steps that is designed to remove the pulp, decontaminate the hollowed out chamber, desensitize the remaining nerve endings, and seal the cavity. This process essentially “kills” the tooth to save it from extraction.
What should I expect from a root canal treatment?
Prior to a retail treatment, our doctors usually conduct an x-ray examination to assess the full extent of damage to the tooth. A local anesthetic will be administered to the patient to eliminate discomfort during the procedure. The dentist starts by removing the decayed parts of the tooth and creating an opening that will give him access to the root canal. The pulp, blood vessels, and all other cellular structures will be removed to hollow out the chamber, after which it will be clean and reshaped in preparation for the filling material. The empty root canal will be filled with a sealer composite compound to protect it from becoming wet with saliva. And, optionally, to restore the tooth, a dental crown may be placed on top of it.